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The Applications of whole hemp plants
Published date: 1 June 2022 | 12.39 PM

          Hemp has become a popular plant since it was legalized by the government to grow, process, possess, and distribute in Thailand. As global demand is forecasted to rise constantly, it will pave the way for hemp to become a new cash crop for Thai farmers, the community, and the economy. Apart from CBD extracts, other parts of the plant also have a wide range of applications and the potential for generating high value-added downstream products for the cannabis industry. [1-2]

 

Read more about hemp at [Cannabis 101]
 

 

In this article, we will introduce you to each part of hemp and their application.

 

 

 

 

 

1. Roots - can be processed for the extracts for medical usage, cosmetic products, soap, and body scrub powder.

 

2. Hurds Hemp or Shives Hemp [3] – can be used for textile and rope industry like linen and hemp fiber. Also, it can be used for cosmetic products, body scrub cream, soap, and shampoo.

 

3. Inner Stalks - can be used for making paper pulp.

 

4. Cores - as their absorbing water or oil properties can be used as biomass energy i.e., charcoal, alcohol, ethanol, and methanol. Besides, it can be used for building decoration and furniture production.

 

5. Leaves - can be used in the production of food and beverage industry i.e., herbal tea, beer, wine, supplement powder, and mixture powder for pasta, pastry, or bakery production. Moreover, in the cosmetic industry the leaves can be extracted to scented oil and become a useful ingredient for its skin moisturized and skin protection properties. 

 

6. Seeds [4] - seeds are full of numerous nutrients as so-called “Superfood”. Many researchers found that it has a very high amount of omega-3 and other nutrients i.e., omega-6, omega-9, linoleic acid, alpha and gamma-linolenic acid, and vitamin E. These helps prevent cardiovascular disease and reduce the incidence of cancer.

 

7. Seed oils - can be used as an ingredient to produce bleach, soap, cosmetics, sunscreen, shampoo, body lotion, lipstick, lip balm, face mask, or even gasoline. Furthermore, it is used to develop the original CBD oil cream for dry skin and Psoriasis.

Other than oil, it is found that there is a high protein contained in seed oil which can be used in the production of butter, cheese, tofu, plant protein, ice cream, salad dressing, snacks, and supplements. In addition, it could be used as a substitute for GMO plants, soy, to make flour in the near future.

 

8. Flowers - this part of hemp has the highest Cannabidiol, CBD extract. This extract, also called “CBD oil”, has a multitude of uses in the production of medicinal, supplements, cosmeceuticals, and animal feeds.


 

Read more about Cannabinoid at [Major Cannabinoids] 


 

From many studies, Cannabidiol, CBD extract from hemp flower can be used as a treatment for many of the following symptoms.

•   Treatment for anxiety disorders and stress [6] 

•   Treatment for apoplexy and epilepsy occurrence [7]

•   Treatment for Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) [8]

•   Treatment for acute psychotic symptoms [9]

•   Treatment for Opioid addiction [10]

•   Treatment for amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) [11]

•   Treatment and prevention for movement disorders from chemotherapy [12]

•   Treatment for type 1 and type 2 diabetes [12-14]

•   Treatment for Parkinson's Disease (PD) [15]

•   Treatment for Arthritis [16]

•   Reduce cell inflammation and as an antioxidant, regenerates and prevent skin from pollution and sun [14]


 


 

Hemp continues to see increased use in many industries worldwide, especially in the medical industry. Scientists to diligently drive research on hemp applications to deliver the best treatment and cure for current diseases.    


 

Read more about the interaction between cannabinoids and the receptors in the human body at [Endocannabinoid System]


 

All parts of hemp can be used for different purposes that provide solutions for each business. Salus Bioceutical (Thailand) is a manufacturer that provides the most premium grade cannabinoid extracts in Thailand with the best state-of-the-art production technology in Thai hemp market and currently there are only 3 machines in the world. One of them is at Salus Bioceutical (Thailand) Co., Ltd. Which is the only one in Southeast Asia. Let Salus be a part of your solution.



 

References

1. มนทิรา สุขเจริญ และ พันธวัศ สัมพันธ์พานิช. จุดเริ่มต้นว่าด้วยเรื่องของ “เฮมพ์” หรือ “กัญชง” ที่ไม่ใช่ “กัญชา”.   [ออนไลน์]. 2562. แหล่งที่มา: http://www.ej.eric.chula.ac.th/content/6131/256. [2565, พฤษภาคม 19]

2. Oryor Digital Library. ดีเดย์! 29 ม.ค. 64 ขออนุญาตปลูกกัญชงได้แล้ว. [ออนไลน์]. 2562. แหล่งที่มา:  https://oryor.com/%E0%B8%AD%E0%B8%A2/detail/media_news/1980.  [2565, พฤษภาคม 19]

3. Mahapatra, N.N. Extraction, processing, properties and use of hemp fiber. TextileToday. [Online]. 2018. Available from: https://www.textiletoday.com.bd/extraction-processing-properties-and-use-of-hemp-fiber/. [2018, May 28]

4. Sherry, C. Hemp: What Is Hemp? Nutritional Advantages of Eating Hemp Seeds and Hempseed Oil. [Online]. 2021. Available from: https://www.verywellhealth.com/hemp-benefits-side-effects-dosage-and-interactions-4767355. [2021, September 22]

5. Blessing, E. M., Steenkamp, M. M., Manzanares, J., & Marmar, C. R. Cannabidiol as a potential treatment for anxiety disorders. Neurotherapeutics 2015, 12 (4), 825-836.

6. Office of the Commissioner. FDA approves first drug comprised of an active ingredient derived from marijuana to treat rare, severe forms of epilepsy. In U.S. Food and Drug Administration, 2021; Vol. Accessed 5.

7. Berardi, A., Schelling, G., & Campolongo, P. The endocannabinoid system and Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD): From preclinical findings to innovative therapeutic approaches in clinical settings. Pharmacological research 2016, 111, 668-678.

8. Bhattacharyya, S., Morrison, P. D., Fusar-Poli, P., Martin-Santos, R., Borgwardt, S., Winton-Brown, T., Nosarti, C., O'Carroll, C. M., Seal, M., & Allen, P. Opposite effects of Δ-9-tetrahydrocannabinol and cannabidiol on human brain function and psychopathology. Neuropsychopharmacology 2010, 35 (3), 764-774.

9. Hurd, Y. L., Yoon, M., Manini, A. F., Hernandez, S., Olmedo, R., Ostman, M., & Jutras-Aswad, D. Early phase in the development of cannabidiol as a treatment for addiction: opioid relapse takes initial center stage. Neurotherapeutics 2015, 12 (4), 807-815.

10. Meyer, T., Funke, A., Münch, C., Kettemann, D., Maier, A., Walter, B., Thomas, A., & Spittel, S. Real world experience of patients with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) in the treatment of spasticity using tetrahydrocannabinol: cannabidiol (THC: CBD). BMC neurology 2019, 19 (1), 1-13.

11. Peres, F. F., Lima, A. C., Hallak, J. E., Crippa, J. A., Silva, R. H., & Abílio, V. C. Cannabidiol as a promising strategy to treat and prevent movement disorders? Frontiers in pharmacology 2018, 9, 482.

12. Lehmann, C.; Fisher, N. B., Tugwell, B., Szczesniak, A., Kelly, M., & Zhou, J. Experimental cannabidiol treatment reduces early pancreatic inflammation in type 1 diabetes. Clinical hemorheology and microcirculation 2016, 64 (4), 655-662.

13. Jadoon, K. A., Ratcliffe, S. H., Barrett, D. A., Thomas, E. L., Stott, C., Bell, J. D., O’Sullivan, S. E., & Tan, G. D. Efficacy and safety of cannabidiol and tetrahydrocannabivarin on glycemic and lipid parameters in patients with type 2 diabetes: a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, parallel group pilot study. Diabetes Care 2016, 39 (10), 1777-1786.

14. Rajesh, M., Mukhopadhyay, P., Bátkai, S., Hasko, G., Liaudet, L., Drel, V. R., Obrosova, I. G., & Pacher, P. Cannabidiol attenuates high glucose-induced endothelial cell inflammatory response and barrier disruption. American Journal of Physiology-Heart and Circulatory Physiology 2007, 293 (1), H610-H619.

15. Chayasirisobhon, S. The Role of Cannabidiol in Neurological Disorders. Perm. J 2021, 25.

16. Malfait, A. M., Gallily, R., Sumariwalla, P. F., Malik, A. S., Andreakos, E., Mechoulam, R., & Feldmann, M. The nonpsychoactive cannabis constituent cannabidiol is an oral anti-arthritic therapeutic in murine collagen-induced arthritis. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 2000, 97 (17), 9561-6